Christine Kunzmann studied human resource management at the Pforzheim University of Applied Sciences in Germany. She is an HR consultant with special focus on competence management, human resource development and inter-organisational process design for health care institutions. As part of her activities, she has developed a widely accepted reference model for closed-loop approaches to competence management. Since 2008, she has also been researcher in the MATURE project where she conducted ethnographically informed studies and explored motivational barriers to knowledge maturing activities and ways to overcome them. She has been continuing this research in the Learning Layers project, and has initiated the Knowledge Maturing Consulting network. She has initiated and organised the international workshop series on Motivational and Affective Aspects in TEL at ECTEL, M&C, and Professional Knowledge Management conferences. Her research interests include competence development and organisational development from a Human Resources perspective, particularly focusing on motivational aspects.